Psychometric and descriptive perspectives of illness impact over the life span

Jane Dixon, John Dixon, Janet Spinner, Dorothy Sexton, Cynthia K. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article describes the development of an instalment that quantifies illness over the course of life. The sample was comprised of308 women, aged 50 to 70, who were alumnae of a master's program in nursing. Each submitted information concerning illness experienced during each decade of life. Each time period was then rated multidimensionally (Duration, Discomfort, Interference, Threat to Life) to reflect the impact of the various conditions and the means by decade (Decade Impact) were computed. In general, after the first two decades, magnitude of ratings increased with age, indicating greater disease impact. Interrater reliability and internal consistency reliability of the scale were high. Evidence for construct validity included substantial differences between those with and without specific illness conditions, as well as correlations with hospitalization history and health self-ratings. In cluster analysis of patterns acmss decades, five distinct patterns emerged into which subjects were grouped.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalNursing research
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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