Psychiatric disorders in a sample of repeat impaired-driving offenders

Sandra C. Lapham, Janet C'De Baca, Garnett P. McMillan, Jodi Lapidus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to assess alcohol- and drug-use disorders and other psychiatric disorders in a sample of repeat driving under the influence (DUI) offenders. Method: We interviewed offenders to estimate lifetime and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders as designated by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (alcohol and drug abuse and dependence, major depressive or dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], and obsessive-compulsive disorder). The offenders interviewed (385 men, 74 women) were those who had been adjudicated in the Multnomah County, OR, Driving Under the Influence of Intoxicants Intensive Supervision Program. Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results: The majority of respondents (53.8%) were alcohol dependent. Sixty-five percent of men and 79.7% of women had at least one lifetime disorder comorbid with alcohol abuse or dependence. The most prevalent lifetime non-substance-use disorder was major depressive or dysthymic disorder (30.9%) followed by PTSD (15.3%). Approximately 40% of subjects reported meeting criteria for lifetime nonalcohol drug abuse for at least one drug type, and 30% were drug dependent for at least one drug type; overall, 54% of all offenders had drug abuse or dependence disorders. Conclusions: Assessment and treatment services for repeat alcohol-impaired driving offenders should be sufficiently comprehensive to provide care for drug-use disorders and other psychiatric problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-713
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol
Volume67
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2006

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Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
offender
alcohol
drug abuse
Alcoholism
Pharmaceutical Preparations
drug dependence
Alcohols
posttraumatic stress disorder
Dysthymic Disorder
drug
drug use
diagnostic
Major Depressive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
mental disorder
supervision
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Psychiatric disorders in a sample of repeat impaired-driving offenders. / Lapham, Sandra C.; C'De Baca, Janet; McMillan, Garnett P.; Lapidus, Jodi.

In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Vol. 67, No. 5, 09.2006, p. 707-713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lapham, SC, C'De Baca, J, McMillan, GP & Lapidus, J 2006, 'Psychiatric disorders in a sample of repeat impaired-driving offenders', Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 707-713.
Lapham, Sandra C. ; C'De Baca, Janet ; McMillan, Garnett P. ; Lapidus, Jodi. / Psychiatric disorders in a sample of repeat impaired-driving offenders. In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2006 ; Vol. 67, No. 5. pp. 707-713.
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