Protein folding and quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum: Recent lessons from yeast and mammalian cell systems

Jeffrey L. Brodsky, William Skach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

The evolution of eukaryotes was accompanied by an increased need for intracellular communication and cellular specialization. Thus, a more complex collection of secreted and membrane proteins had to be synthesized, modified, and folded. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) thereby became equipped with devoted enzymes and associated factors that both catalyze the production of secreted proteins and remove damaged proteins. A means to modify ER function to accommodate and destroy misfolded proteins also evolved. Not surprisingly, a growing number of human diseases are linked to various facets of ER function. Each of these topics will be discussed in this article, with an emphasis on recent reports in the literature that employed diverse models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-475
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cell Biology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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