Projection-Resolved Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Peripapillary Retina in Glaucoma

Liang Liu, Beth Edmunds, Hana L. Takusagawa, Shandiz Tehrani, Lorinna H. Lombardi, John C. Morrison, Yali Jia, David Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To detect plexus-specific peripapillary retinal perfusion defects in glaucoma, using projection-resolved optical coherence tomography angiography (PR-OCTA). Design: Prospective cross-sectional study. Methods: One eye each of 45 perimetric glaucoma participants and 37 age-matched normal participants were scanned using 4.5-mm OCTA scans centered on the disc. The PR-OCTA algorithm removed flow projection artifacts in OCT angiograms. Five en face OCTA slabs were analyzed: nerve fiber layer plexus (NFLP), ganglion cell layer plexus (GCLP), superficial vascular complex (SVC [NFLP + GCLP]), deep vascular complex (DVC), and all plexi combined. Peripapillary retinal capillary density (CD) and vessel density (VD) were calculated using a reflectance-compensated algorithm. Results: Focal capillary dropout could be visualized more clearly in the NFLP than in the other slabs. The NFLP, SVC, and all-plexus CD in the glaucoma group were significantly lower (P < 0.001) than in the normal group, but no significant differences in GCLP-CD and DVC-CD appeared between the 2 groups. Both NFLP-CD and SVC-CD had excellent diagnostic accuracy, as measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AROC = 0.981 and 0.976), correlation with visual field mean deviation (Pearson r = 0.819 and 0.831), and repeatability (intraclass correlation coefficients = 0.947 and 0.942). Performances of NFLP-VD and SVC-VD were similar to the corresponding CD parameters. Conclusions: In this glaucoma group, reduction in perfusion was more pronounced in superficial layers of the peripapillary retina (NFLP and SVC) than in the deeper layers. Reflectance-compensated CD and VD parameters for both NFLP and SVC could be useful in the clinical management of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume207
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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