Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education

R. Kurlan, M. P. McDermott, C. Deeley, P. G. Como, C. Brower, S. Eapen, Elena Andresen, B. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Based on the knowledge that Tourette's syndrome (TS) is associated with several clinical features that can impair school function and growing evidence that the disorder is much more common than previously thought, the authors hypothesized that TS and related tic disorders would be associated with school problems in the childhood population at large. Methods: Direct, blinded (to educational placement) interviews of 1,596 schoolchildren in Monroe County, Rochester, NY, were conducted. Results: Twenty-seven percent of 341 students classified as receiving special education (SpEd) had tics compared with 19.7% (p = 0.008) of 1,255 students in regular classroom programs (RegEd). The weighted prevalence estimates for tics were 23.4% in SpEd and 18.5% in RegEd. A higher percentage of students in SpEd (7.0%) met diagnostic criteria for TS than students in RegEd (3.8%; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Although possibly influenced by selection bias, our results indicate that tic disorders are common in children and are highly associated with school dysfunction. Tics may represent an identifiable sign of an underlying brain developmental disorder that contributes to academic difficulties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1383-1388
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume57
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 23 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tics
Special Education
Tourette Syndrome
Tic Disorders
Students
Selection Bias
Brain Diseases
Interviews
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Kurlan, R., McDermott, M. P., Deeley, C., Como, P. G., Brower, C., Eapen, S., ... Miller, B. (2001). Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education. Neurology, 57(8), 1383-1388.

Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education. / Kurlan, R.; McDermott, M. P.; Deeley, C.; Como, P. G.; Brower, C.; Eapen, S.; Andresen, Elena; Miller, B.

In: Neurology, Vol. 57, No. 8, 23.10.2001, p. 1383-1388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurlan, R, McDermott, MP, Deeley, C, Como, PG, Brower, C, Eapen, S, Andresen, E & Miller, B 2001, 'Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education', Neurology, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1383-1388.
Kurlan R, McDermott MP, Deeley C, Como PG, Brower C, Eapen S et al. Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education. Neurology. 2001 Oct 23;57(8):1383-1388.
Kurlan, R. ; McDermott, M. P. ; Deeley, C. ; Como, P. G. ; Brower, C. ; Eapen, S. ; Andresen, Elena ; Miller, B. / Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education. In: Neurology. 2001 ; Vol. 57, No. 8. pp. 1383-1388.
@article{d43dca353e81479984453fa69599e64e,
title = "Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education",
abstract = "Background: Based on the knowledge that Tourette's syndrome (TS) is associated with several clinical features that can impair school function and growing evidence that the disorder is much more common than previously thought, the authors hypothesized that TS and related tic disorders would be associated with school problems in the childhood population at large. Methods: Direct, blinded (to educational placement) interviews of 1,596 schoolchildren in Monroe County, Rochester, NY, were conducted. Results: Twenty-seven percent of 341 students classified as receiving special education (SpEd) had tics compared with 19.7{\%} (p = 0.008) of 1,255 students in regular classroom programs (RegEd). The weighted prevalence estimates for tics were 23.4{\%} in SpEd and 18.5{\%} in RegEd. A higher percentage of students in SpEd (7.0{\%}) met diagnostic criteria for TS than students in RegEd (3.8{\%}; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Although possibly influenced by selection bias, our results indicate that tic disorders are common in children and are highly associated with school dysfunction. Tics may represent an identifiable sign of an underlying brain developmental disorder that contributes to academic difficulties.",
author = "R. Kurlan and McDermott, {M. P.} and C. Deeley and Como, {P. G.} and C. Brower and S. Eapen and Elena Andresen and B. Miller",
year = "2001",
month = "10",
day = "23",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "1383--1388",
journal = "Neurology",
issn = "0028-3878",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of tics in schoolchildren and association with placement in special education

AU - Kurlan, R.

AU - McDermott, M. P.

AU - Deeley, C.

AU - Como, P. G.

AU - Brower, C.

AU - Eapen, S.

AU - Andresen, Elena

AU - Miller, B.

PY - 2001/10/23

Y1 - 2001/10/23

N2 - Background: Based on the knowledge that Tourette's syndrome (TS) is associated with several clinical features that can impair school function and growing evidence that the disorder is much more common than previously thought, the authors hypothesized that TS and related tic disorders would be associated with school problems in the childhood population at large. Methods: Direct, blinded (to educational placement) interviews of 1,596 schoolchildren in Monroe County, Rochester, NY, were conducted. Results: Twenty-seven percent of 341 students classified as receiving special education (SpEd) had tics compared with 19.7% (p = 0.008) of 1,255 students in regular classroom programs (RegEd). The weighted prevalence estimates for tics were 23.4% in SpEd and 18.5% in RegEd. A higher percentage of students in SpEd (7.0%) met diagnostic criteria for TS than students in RegEd (3.8%; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Although possibly influenced by selection bias, our results indicate that tic disorders are common in children and are highly associated with school dysfunction. Tics may represent an identifiable sign of an underlying brain developmental disorder that contributes to academic difficulties.

AB - Background: Based on the knowledge that Tourette's syndrome (TS) is associated with several clinical features that can impair school function and growing evidence that the disorder is much more common than previously thought, the authors hypothesized that TS and related tic disorders would be associated with school problems in the childhood population at large. Methods: Direct, blinded (to educational placement) interviews of 1,596 schoolchildren in Monroe County, Rochester, NY, were conducted. Results: Twenty-seven percent of 341 students classified as receiving special education (SpEd) had tics compared with 19.7% (p = 0.008) of 1,255 students in regular classroom programs (RegEd). The weighted prevalence estimates for tics were 23.4% in SpEd and 18.5% in RegEd. A higher percentage of students in SpEd (7.0%) met diagnostic criteria for TS than students in RegEd (3.8%; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Although possibly influenced by selection bias, our results indicate that tic disorders are common in children and are highly associated with school dysfunction. Tics may represent an identifiable sign of an underlying brain developmental disorder that contributes to academic difficulties.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035940576&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035940576&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 1383

EP - 1388

JO - Neurology

JF - Neurology

SN - 0028-3878

IS - 8

ER -