Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health

Isobel Heyman, Eric Fombonne, H. Simmons, T. Ford, H. Meltzer, R. Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder that appears to be under-diagnosed and under-treated, despite the evidence for effective treatments. There are variable estimates of OCD prevalence in the under-16s and published rates give little indication of age trends. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and associates of OCD in young people aged 5-15 years. The method was a nationwide (UK) epidemiological study of rates of psychiatric disorder in 5-15 year olds (1999 British Child Mental Health Survey): 10,438 children were assessed. Twenty-five children with OCD were identified (weighted overall prevalence 0.25%; 95% CI 0.14-0.35), with prevalence rising exponentially with increasing age. Compared with normal controls, children with OCD were more likely to be from lower socio-economic class and of lower intelligence. Only three of these children had been seen by specialist children's services. Although OCD is rare in young children, the rate increases towards the adult rates at puberty. Children with OCD have additional psychosocial disadvantage. The majority of the childhood cases identified in this survey appear to have been undetected and untreated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-184
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Review of Psychiatry
Volume15
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Mental Health
Puberty
Child Health
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health Surveys
Intelligence
Psychiatry
Epidemiologic Studies
Economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health. / Heyman, Isobel; Fombonne, Eric; Simmons, H.; Ford, T.; Meltzer, H.; Goodman, R.

In: International Review of Psychiatry, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, 02.2003, p. 178-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heyman, Isobel ; Fombonne, Eric ; Simmons, H. ; Ford, T. ; Meltzer, H. ; Goodman, R. / Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health. In: International Review of Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 15, No. 1-2. pp. 178-184.
@article{bb33e6406054462e98b0a049f74e93af,
title = "Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health",
abstract = "Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder that appears to be under-diagnosed and under-treated, despite the evidence for effective treatments. There are variable estimates of OCD prevalence in the under-16s and published rates give little indication of age trends. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and associates of OCD in young people aged 5-15 years. The method was a nationwide (UK) epidemiological study of rates of psychiatric disorder in 5-15 year olds (1999 British Child Mental Health Survey): 10,438 children were assessed. Twenty-five children with OCD were identified (weighted overall prevalence 0.25{\%}; 95{\%} CI 0.14-0.35), with prevalence rising exponentially with increasing age. Compared with normal controls, children with OCD were more likely to be from lower socio-economic class and of lower intelligence. Only three of these children had been seen by specialist children's services. Although OCD is rare in young children, the rate increases towards the adult rates at puberty. Children with OCD have additional psychosocial disadvantage. The majority of the childhood cases identified in this survey appear to have been undetected and untreated.",
author = "Isobel Heyman and Eric Fombonne and H. Simmons and T. Ford and H. Meltzer and R. Goodman",
year = "2003",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1080/0954026021000046146",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "178--184",
journal = "International Review of Psychiatry",
issn = "0954-0261",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health

AU - Heyman, Isobel

AU - Fombonne, Eric

AU - Simmons, H.

AU - Ford, T.

AU - Meltzer, H.

AU - Goodman, R.

PY - 2003/2

Y1 - 2003/2

N2 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder that appears to be under-diagnosed and under-treated, despite the evidence for effective treatments. There are variable estimates of OCD prevalence in the under-16s and published rates give little indication of age trends. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and associates of OCD in young people aged 5-15 years. The method was a nationwide (UK) epidemiological study of rates of psychiatric disorder in 5-15 year olds (1999 British Child Mental Health Survey): 10,438 children were assessed. Twenty-five children with OCD were identified (weighted overall prevalence 0.25%; 95% CI 0.14-0.35), with prevalence rising exponentially with increasing age. Compared with normal controls, children with OCD were more likely to be from lower socio-economic class and of lower intelligence. Only three of these children had been seen by specialist children's services. Although OCD is rare in young children, the rate increases towards the adult rates at puberty. Children with OCD have additional psychosocial disadvantage. The majority of the childhood cases identified in this survey appear to have been undetected and untreated.

AB - Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder that appears to be under-diagnosed and under-treated, despite the evidence for effective treatments. There are variable estimates of OCD prevalence in the under-16s and published rates give little indication of age trends. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and associates of OCD in young people aged 5-15 years. The method was a nationwide (UK) epidemiological study of rates of psychiatric disorder in 5-15 year olds (1999 British Child Mental Health Survey): 10,438 children were assessed. Twenty-five children with OCD were identified (weighted overall prevalence 0.25%; 95% CI 0.14-0.35), with prevalence rising exponentially with increasing age. Compared with normal controls, children with OCD were more likely to be from lower socio-economic class and of lower intelligence. Only three of these children had been seen by specialist children's services. Although OCD is rare in young children, the rate increases towards the adult rates at puberty. Children with OCD have additional psychosocial disadvantage. The majority of the childhood cases identified in this survey appear to have been undetected and untreated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037300572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037300572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/0954026021000046146

DO - 10.1080/0954026021000046146

M3 - Article

C2 - 12745330

AN - SCOPUS:0037300572

VL - 15

SP - 178

EP - 184

JO - International Review of Psychiatry

JF - International Review of Psychiatry

SN - 0954-0261

IS - 1-2

ER -