Prehospital Cardiac Arrest Airway Management: An NAEMSP Position Statement and Resource Document

Jestin N. Carlson, M. Riccardo Colella, Mohamud R. Daya, Valerie J. De Maio, Philip Nawrocki, Dhimitri A. Nikolla, Nichole Bosson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Airway management is a critical component of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resuscitation. Multiple cardiac arrest airway management techniques are available to EMS clinicians including bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation, supraglottic airways (SGAs), and endotracheal intubation (ETI). Important goals include achieving optimal oxygenation and ventilation while minimizing negative effects on physiology and interference with other resuscitation interventions. NAEMSP recommends: Based on the skill of the clinician and available resources, BVM, SGA, or ETI may be considered as airway management strategies in OHCA. Airway management should not interfere with other key resuscitation interventions such as high-quality chest compressions, rapid defibrillation, and treatment of reversible causes of the cardiac arrest. EMS clinicians should take measures to avoid hyperventilation during cardiac arrest resuscitation. Where available for clinician use, capnography should be used to guide ventilation and chest compressions, confirm and monitor advanced airway placement, identify return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and assist in the decision to terminate resuscitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Volume26
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • EMS
  • airway
  • cardiac arrest
  • intubation
  • prehospital
  • ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

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