Preferential binding of insulin‐like growth factor‐II (IGF‐II) to a putative α2β2 IGF‐II receptor type in C2 myoblasts


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We have studied insulin‐like‐growth‐factor (IGF) binding in two subclones of the C2 myogenic cell line. In the permissive parental subclone, myoblasts differentiate spontaneously into myotubes in medium supplemented with fetal calf serum. Unlike permissive myoblasts, inducible myoblasts require high concentrations of insulin (1.6 μM) or lower concentrations of IGF‐I (25 nM) to differentiate, and expression of MyoD1 is not constitutive. IGF receptors were studied in microsomal membranes of proliferating and quiescent myoblasts and myotubes. IGF‐II binding was also studied in inducible myoblasts transfected with the MyoD1 cDNA (clone EP5). Both inducible and permissive cells exhibited a single class of binding sites with similar affinity for IGF‐I (Kd 0.8–1.2 nM). Affinity cross‐linking of [125I]IGF‐I to microsomal membranes, under reducing conditions, revealed a binding moiety with an apparent molecular mass of 130 kDa in permissive cells and 140 kDa in inducible cells, which corresponded to the α subunit of the IGF‐I receptor. In permissive quiescent myoblasts, linear Scatchard plots suggested that [125I]IGF‐II bound to a single class of binding sites (Kd 0.6 nM) compatible with binding to the IGF‐II/M6P receptor. This was confirmed by affinity cross‐linking experiments showing a labeled complex with an apparent molecular mass of 260 kDa and 220 kDa when studied under reducing and non‐reducing conditions, respectively. In contrast, competitive inhibition of [125I]IGF‐II binding to inducible quiescent myoblasts generated curvilinear Scatchard plots which could be resolved into two single classes of binding sites. One of them corresponded to the IGF‐II/M6P receptor (Kd 0.2 nM) as evidenced by cross‐linking experiments. The second was the binding site of highest affinity (Kd 0.04 nM) which was less inhibited by IGF‐I than by IGF‐II and was not inhibited by insulin. It migrated in SDS/PAGE at a position equivalent a molecular mass of 140 kDa, under reducing conditions, and at approximately 300 kDa, under non‐reducing conditions. The labeling of this atypical binding moiety was not inhibited by anti(IGF‐II/M6P‐receptor) immunoglobulin. It was also observed in permissive and inducible myoblasts at proliferating stage. It was absent for permissive quiescent myoblasts and from permissive and inducible myotubes. Forced expression of MyoD1 in inducible cells (EP5 cells) dramatically reduced [125I]IGF‐II binding to this atypical receptor. It emerges from these experiments that C2 cells express a putative α2β2 IGF‐II receptor structurally related to the insulin/IGF‐I receptor family. It is present in myoblasts but not in myotubes. The possible relationship between expression of this receptor and expression of MyoD1 as well as myoblast differentiation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-279
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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