Predominantly Persistent Intraretinal Fluid in the Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials

Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT) Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid (PP-IRF) and its association with visual acuity (VA) and retinal anatomic findings at long-term follow-up in eyes treated with pro re nata (PRN) ranibizumab or bevacizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Design: Cohort within a randomized clinical trial. Participants: Participants in the Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT) assigned to PRN treatment. Methods: The presence of intraretinal fluid (IRF) on OCT scans was assessed at baseline and monthly follow-up visits by Duke OCT Reading Center. Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through week 12, year 1, and year 2 was defined as the presence of IRF at the baseline and in ≥ 80% of follow-up visits. Among eyes with baseline IRF, the mean VA scores (letters) and changes from the baseline were compared between eyes with and those without PP-IRF. Adjusted mean VA scores and changes from the baseline were also calculated using the linear regression analysis to account for baseline patient features identified as predictors of VA in previous CATT studies. Furthermore, outcomes were adjusted for concomitant predominantly persistent subretinal fluid. Main Outcome Measures: Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through week 12, year 1, and year 2; VA score and VA change; and scar development at year 2. Results: Among 363 eyes with baseline IRF, 108 (29.8%) had PP-IRF through year 1 and 95 (26.1%) had PP-IRF through year 2. When eyes with PP-IRF through year 1 were compared with those without PP-IRF, the mean 1-year VA score was 62.4 and 68.5, respectively (P = 0.002), and was 65.0 and 67.4, respectively (P = 0.13), after adjustment. Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through year 2 was associated with worse adjusted 1-year mean VA scores (64.8 vs. 69.2; P = 0.006) and change (4.3 vs. 8.1; P = 0.01) as well as worse adjusted 2-year mean VA scores (63.0 vs. 68.3; P = 0.004) and changes (2.4 vs. 7.1; P = 0.009). Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through year 2 was associated with a higher 2-year risk of scar development (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.49; P = 0.03). Conclusions: Approximately one quarter of eyes had PP-IRF through year 2. Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through year 1 was associated with worse long-term VA, but the relationship disappeared after adjustment for baseline predictors of VA. Predominantly persistent intraretinal fluid through year 2 was independently associated with worse long-term VA and scar development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOphthalmology Retina
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-VEGF
  • Choroidal neovascularization
  • Intraretinal fluid
  • Persistent
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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