Predictors of relapse

Interaction of drinking-related locus of control and reasons for drinking

Daniel R. Kivlahan, Dennis M. Donovan, Roger (Dale) Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pretreatment scores from the drinking-related locus of control scale (DRIE) and reasons for drinking were investigated as predictors of drinking relapse over a nine-month follow-up in a sample of 232 male alcoholics. A significant relationship was found between reasons for drinking and the probability of relapse, with the lowest relapse rates occuring among patients who identified interpersonal conflicts or positive emotional states as the most important reasons for their pretreatment drinking. Results of a reasons for drinking by relapse status ANOVA on DRIE scores revealed no significant main effects. There was, however, a significant interaction. Among patients who attributed their drinking to negative emotional states, those who either relapsed or were lost to follow-up had significantly more external DRIE scores. Among patients who identified negative physical states (i.e., craving) as their primary reason for drinking, relapse or attrition was associated with significantly more internal DRIE scores. Results support assessment of these cognitive social learning constructs for differential treatment planning with patients at increased risk of relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-276
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Internal-External Control
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Drinking
Planning
Recurrence
Lost to Follow-Up
Alcoholics
Analysis of Variance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Predictors of relapse : Interaction of drinking-related locus of control and reasons for drinking. / Kivlahan, Daniel R.; Donovan, Dennis M.; Walker, Roger (Dale).

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1983, p. 273-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fafa8c79125c440680b980e8388ad337,
title = "Predictors of relapse: Interaction of drinking-related locus of control and reasons for drinking",
abstract = "Pretreatment scores from the drinking-related locus of control scale (DRIE) and reasons for drinking were investigated as predictors of drinking relapse over a nine-month follow-up in a sample of 232 male alcoholics. A significant relationship was found between reasons for drinking and the probability of relapse, with the lowest relapse rates occuring among patients who identified interpersonal conflicts or positive emotional states as the most important reasons for their pretreatment drinking. Results of a reasons for drinking by relapse status ANOVA on DRIE scores revealed no significant main effects. There was, however, a significant interaction. Among patients who attributed their drinking to negative emotional states, those who either relapsed or were lost to follow-up had significantly more external DRIE scores. Among patients who identified negative physical states (i.e., craving) as their primary reason for drinking, relapse or attrition was associated with significantly more internal DRIE scores. Results support assessment of these cognitive social learning constructs for differential treatment planning with patients at increased risk of relapse.",
author = "Kivlahan, {Daniel R.} and Donovan, {Dennis M.} and Walker, {Roger (Dale)}",
year = "1983",
doi = "10.1016/0306-4603(83)90022-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "273--276",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of relapse

T2 - Interaction of drinking-related locus of control and reasons for drinking

AU - Kivlahan, Daniel R.

AU - Donovan, Dennis M.

AU - Walker, Roger (Dale)

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - Pretreatment scores from the drinking-related locus of control scale (DRIE) and reasons for drinking were investigated as predictors of drinking relapse over a nine-month follow-up in a sample of 232 male alcoholics. A significant relationship was found between reasons for drinking and the probability of relapse, with the lowest relapse rates occuring among patients who identified interpersonal conflicts or positive emotional states as the most important reasons for their pretreatment drinking. Results of a reasons for drinking by relapse status ANOVA on DRIE scores revealed no significant main effects. There was, however, a significant interaction. Among patients who attributed their drinking to negative emotional states, those who either relapsed or were lost to follow-up had significantly more external DRIE scores. Among patients who identified negative physical states (i.e., craving) as their primary reason for drinking, relapse or attrition was associated with significantly more internal DRIE scores. Results support assessment of these cognitive social learning constructs for differential treatment planning with patients at increased risk of relapse.

AB - Pretreatment scores from the drinking-related locus of control scale (DRIE) and reasons for drinking were investigated as predictors of drinking relapse over a nine-month follow-up in a sample of 232 male alcoholics. A significant relationship was found between reasons for drinking and the probability of relapse, with the lowest relapse rates occuring among patients who identified interpersonal conflicts or positive emotional states as the most important reasons for their pretreatment drinking. Results of a reasons for drinking by relapse status ANOVA on DRIE scores revealed no significant main effects. There was, however, a significant interaction. Among patients who attributed their drinking to negative emotional states, those who either relapsed or were lost to follow-up had significantly more external DRIE scores. Among patients who identified negative physical states (i.e., craving) as their primary reason for drinking, relapse or attrition was associated with significantly more internal DRIE scores. Results support assessment of these cognitive social learning constructs for differential treatment planning with patients at increased risk of relapse.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021030815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021030815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0306-4603(83)90022-9

DO - 10.1016/0306-4603(83)90022-9

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 273

EP - 276

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 3

ER -