Predictors of outcome of forefoot surgery for ulceration and gangrene

Richard A. Yeager, Gregory (Greg) Moneta, James Edwards, W. Kent Williamson, Donald McConnell, Lloyd M. Taylor, John M. Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Surprisingly little is known about the long-term outcome of forefoot surgery for limb salvage. METHODS: From January 1, 1992 through December 31, 1996, patients requiring toe amputation or forefoot surgery were prospectively entered into a computerized database and followed up for healing, need for repeat foot surgery, or major amputation (below or above knee). RESULTS: A total of 162 patients (mean age 65 years), 72% diabetic, 10% with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and 73% without palpable pulses, were entered into the study. Mean follow-up was 25 months. Of patients without palpable pulses (n = 98), 83% underwent concomitant or subsequent limb revascularization. Eleven of 98 revascularization procedures (11%) were hemodynamically unsuccessful. Nonhealing of the initial forefoot procedure occurred in 14%, and late repeat foot surgery (following initial healing) was required in an additional 14%. Major amputation was eventually required in 30 (18.5%) patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that unsuccessful revascularization, but not diabetes or ESRD, predicted nonhealing and major amputation (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-390
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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