Optimal assessment of myocardial perfusion with contrast echocardiography by using B-mode imaging often requires image alignment and background subtraction, which are time consuming and need extensive expertise. Flash echocardiography is a new technique in which primary images are gated to the electrocardiogram and secondary images are obtained by transmitting ultrasound pulses in rapid succession after each primary image. Myocardial opacification is seen in the primary image and not in the secondary images because of ultrasound-induced bubble destruction. Because the interval between the primary and first few secondary images is very short, cardiac motion between these images should be minimal. Therefore we hypothesized that I or more secondary images could be subtracted from the primary image without the need for image alignment. The ability of ultrasound to destroy microbubbles was assessed by varying the sampling rate, line density, and mechanical index in 6 openchest dogs. The degree of translation between images was quantified in the x and y directions with the use of computer cross-correlation. At sampling rates of 158 Hz or less and a mechanical index of more than 0.6, videointensity rapidly declined to baseline levels by 25 ms. Significant translation between images was noted only at intervals of more than 112 ms. It is concluded that flash echocardiography can be used for digital subtraction of baseline from contrast-enhanced B-mode images without image alignment. Background subtraction is therefore feasible on-line, potentially eliminating the need for off-line image processing in the future.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine