We sought to determine the frequency of postpartum follow-up for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. A retrospective cohort study of women with gestational diabetes mellitus from 2002 to 2008 (n=745) at an academic center was conducted. The primary outcome was either fasting blood glucose or 2-hour oral glucose tolerance, both measured at 6 months postpartum. Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used for statistical comparisons, and statistical significance was indicated by p<0.05 and 95% confidence intervals. The frequency of follow-up for the study cohort was 33.7%. Of these women, 28.3% had values consistent with impaired glucose tolerance and 2.0% were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Asian women were the most likely to follow up (43%), and Latinas had the lowest follow-up frequency (18%; p<0.001). Compared with their counterparts, women 35 years old, nulliparas, and women with GDM subtype A2 were more likely to return for postpartum glucose testing (odds ratio [OR]=1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 2.5; OR=1.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 2.7; OR=2.28, 95% CI 1.4 to 3.6, respectively). The frequency of postpartum follow-up for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus is exceedingly low. More effective strategies are needed to increase the postpartum and longitudinal follow-up for all women with gestational diabetes mellitus.
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
- follow-up predictors
- postpartum screening
- type 2 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology