The effects of cyclic AMP treatment on total cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity in GH3 pituitary tumor cells have been studied. Incubation of cells for 24 h with 1 μM forskolin resulted in a 50% decrease in total cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity which was reversible upon removal of forskolin from culture media. A similar response was observed in GH3 cells treated with 5 ng/ml cholera toxin and 0.5 mM dibutyryl cAMP but not 0.5 mM dibutyryl cGMP. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the steady-state level of the mRNA for each of the six kinase subunit isoforms studied was not detectably altered after treatment with 1 μM forskolin for 24 h. The concentration of catalytic subunit was also assessed by binding studies using a radiolabeled heat-stable protein kinase inhibitor. Treatment of GH3 cells with 1 μM forskolin for 24 h reduced protein kinase inhibitor binding activity by 50%, consistent with the observed forskolin-induced decrease in total kinase activity. Analysis of endogenous heat-stable protein kinase inhibitor activity in GH3 cell extracts showed no significant difference between forskolin-treated cells and cells maintained under control conditions. To assess possible effects on catalytic subunit degradation, pulse-chase experiments were performed and radiolabeled catalytic subunit was isolated by affinity chromatography. The results demonstrated that treatment of cells with chlorophenylthio-cAMP detectably increased the apparent degradation of radiolabeled catalytic subunit. The increased degradation of the catalytic subunit was sufficient to account for the observed decreases in kinase activity. These results suggest that relatively long term cAMP treatment can alter total cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity through effects to alter the degradation of the catalytic subunit of the enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology