Populations at risk for intubation nonattempt and failure in the prehospital setting

Alex G. Garza, D. Adam Algren, Matthew C. Gratton, O. John Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Pediatric cardiac arrest patients and adult traumatic arrest patients are perceived as more difficult to endotracheally intubate than adult cardiac arrest patients. The study hypothesis was that these populations were at higher risk of endotracheal intubation failure compared with adult cardiac arrest patients and that paramedics would more frequently defer attempts to intubate these patients. Methods. This was a retrospective, observational study analyzing oral endotracheal intubations on pediatric cardiac arrest, adult traumatic arrest, and adult cardiac arrest patients over 66 months. Homogeneity of intubation nonattempt and endotracheal intubation failure was studied with chi-square analysis. Relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare pediatric cardiac arrest with adult traumatic arrest with adult cardiac arrest nonattempt rates and endotracheal intubation failure rates. Results. 2,669 oral endotracheal intubations were included. There was a significant difference in intubation nonattempts and intubation failure between the combined pediatric cardiac arrest and adult traumatic arrest groups and the adult cardiac arrest cohort (RR 7.24, 95% CI 5.73, 9.16 for nonattempt; RR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.93, 2.83 for intubation failure). Both groups individually showed significant risk for intubation nonattempt and endotracheal intubation failure compared with adult cardiac arrest, with the pediatric cohort at higher risk for failure and the adult traumatic arrest cohort at higher risk for nonattempt. Conclusions. There was significant risk of intubation nonattempt and intubation failure in the pediatric cardiac arrest and adult traumatic arrest cohorts compared with the adult cardiac arrest population, with the pediatric cohort being at particularly high risk for intubation failure and the adult traumatic arrest cohort at higher riskf or nonattempt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-166
Number of pages4
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Pediatric
  • Prehospital
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

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