Poorer maternal diet quality and increased birth weight*

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Objective: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women. Study design: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15). Daily consumption of protein, fat, and carbohydrates and a Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) score were determined from 24 h food recall collections. Associations were modeled using multinomial logistic and linear regression. Results: Neither the third trimester maternal diet quality nor the macronutrient consumption was associated with GWG after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age, and parity. A ten-point lower HEI-2010 score was associated with 200 g higher infant birth weight and a 1.0 cm longer length. However, maternal HEI-2010 and macronutrient composition were unrelated to infant percent body fat, ponderal index, or abdominal circumference. Conclusions: Poorer third trimester maternal diet quality was associated with higher birth weight and longer length, but was unrelated to markers of infant adiposity. GWG was independent of third trimester maternal diet composition and quality.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 17 2017

Fingerprint

Birth Weight
Mothers
Diet
Weight Gain
Adiposity
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnancy
Maternal Age
Parity
Adipose Tissue
Pregnant Women
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Fats
Carbohydrates
Weights and Measures
Food
Health
Proteins
Healthy Diet

Keywords

  • Birth weight
  • gestational weight gain
  • infant adiposity
  • maternal diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

@article{04c279732b3c46bfb7246ba1897bc5b2,
title = "Poorer maternal diet quality and increased birth weight*",
abstract = "Objective: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women. Study design: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15). Daily consumption of protein, fat, and carbohydrates and a Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) score were determined from 24 h food recall collections. Associations were modeled using multinomial logistic and linear regression. Results: Neither the third trimester maternal diet quality nor the macronutrient consumption was associated with GWG after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age, and parity. A ten-point lower HEI-2010 score was associated with 200 g higher infant birth weight and a 1.0 cm longer length. However, maternal HEI-2010 and macronutrient composition were unrelated to infant percent body fat, ponderal index, or abdominal circumference. Conclusions: Poorer third trimester maternal diet quality was associated with higher birth weight and longer length, but was unrelated to markers of infant adiposity. GWG was independent of third trimester maternal diet composition and quality.",
keywords = "Birth weight, gestational weight gain, infant adiposity, maternal diet",
author = "Madeline Grandy and Snowden, {Jonathan M.} and Janne Boone-Heinonen and Purnell, {Jonathan Q.} and Thornburg, {Kent L.} and Marshall, {Nicole E.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1080/14767058.2017.1322949",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine",
issn = "1476-7058",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poorer maternal diet quality and increased birth weight*

AU - Grandy,Madeline

AU - Snowden,Jonathan M.

AU - Boone-Heinonen,Janne

AU - Purnell,Jonathan Q.

AU - Thornburg,Kent L.

AU - Marshall,Nicole E.

PY - 2017/5/17

Y1 - 2017/5/17

N2 - Objective: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women. Study design: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15). Daily consumption of protein, fat, and carbohydrates and a Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) score were determined from 24 h food recall collections. Associations were modeled using multinomial logistic and linear regression. Results: Neither the third trimester maternal diet quality nor the macronutrient consumption was associated with GWG after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age, and parity. A ten-point lower HEI-2010 score was associated with 200 g higher infant birth weight and a 1.0 cm longer length. However, maternal HEI-2010 and macronutrient composition were unrelated to infant percent body fat, ponderal index, or abdominal circumference. Conclusions: Poorer third trimester maternal diet quality was associated with higher birth weight and longer length, but was unrelated to markers of infant adiposity. GWG was independent of third trimester maternal diet composition and quality.

AB - Objective: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women. Study design: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15). Daily consumption of protein, fat, and carbohydrates and a Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) score were determined from 24 h food recall collections. Associations were modeled using multinomial logistic and linear regression. Results: Neither the third trimester maternal diet quality nor the macronutrient consumption was associated with GWG after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age, and parity. A ten-point lower HEI-2010 score was associated with 200 g higher infant birth weight and a 1.0 cm longer length. However, maternal HEI-2010 and macronutrient composition were unrelated to infant percent body fat, ponderal index, or abdominal circumference. Conclusions: Poorer third trimester maternal diet quality was associated with higher birth weight and longer length, but was unrelated to markers of infant adiposity. GWG was independent of third trimester maternal diet composition and quality.

KW - Birth weight

KW - gestational weight gain

KW - infant adiposity

KW - maternal diet

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019606311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019606311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14767058.2017.1322949

DO - 10.1080/14767058.2017.1322949

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

T2 - Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

JF - Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

SN - 1476-7058

ER -