Point–Counterpoint: Screening and Surveillance for Barrett’s Esophagus, Is It Worthwhile?

Fouad Otaki, Prasad G. Iyer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The exponential rise in incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), paired with persistently poor survival, continues to drive efforts to improve and optimize screening and surveillance practices. While advancements in endoscopic therapy have generated a shift in management and significantly improved the outcomes of patients with early-stage EAC, the majority of prevalent EAC continues to be diagnosed at advanced stages, remaining ineligible for curative therapy. Barrett’s esophagus (BE) screening, when applied to high-yield target populations, using minimally or noninvasive accurate tests, followed by endoscopic surveillance to detect prevalent or incident dysplasia/EAC (which can then be treated successfully) is the cornerstone of the current BE management paradigm. While supported by some empiric evidence and attractive, this approach faces a number of challenges, which are also balanced by numerous recent advances in these areas. In this manuscript, we review the rationale, supportive evidence, current challenges, and recent progress in BE screening and surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2081-2093
Number of pages13
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume63
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Endoscopy
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Screening
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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