Type 2 inflammation is associated with epithelial cell responses, including goblet cell hyperplasia, that promote worm expulsion during intestinal helminth infection. How these epithelial responses are regulated remains incompletely understood. Here, we show that mice deficient in the prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) receptor CRTH2 and mice with CRTH2 deficiency only in nonhematopoietic cells exhibited enhanced worm clearance and intestinal goblet cell hyperplasia following infection with the helminth Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Small intestinal stem, goblet, and tuft cells expressed CRTH2. CRTH2-deficient small intestinal organoids showed enhanced budding and terminal differentiation to the goblet cell lineage. During helminth infection or in organoids, PGD2 and CRTH2 down-regulated intestinal epithelial Il13ra1 expression and reversed Type 2 cytokine–mediated suppression of epithelial cell proliferation and promotion of goblet cell accumulation. These data show that the PGD2–CRTH2 pathway negatively regulates the Type 2 cytokine–driven epithelial program, revealing a mechanism that can temper the highly inflammatory effects of the anti-helminth response.
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