Perioperative nutrition

what is the current landscape?

Robert Martindale, Stephen A. McClave, Beth Taylor, Christy M. Lawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poor nutrition status has long been linked to increases in postoperative complications and adverse outcomes for the patient undergoing elective surgery. While optimal planning for nutrition therapy should be comprehensive spanning throughout the perioperative period, recent advances have focused on the concept of "prehabilitation" to best prepare the patient prior to the insult of surgery. Adding immune/metabolic modulating formulas the week of surgery with carbohydrate drinks to optimize glycogen deposition immediately prior to surgery, enhances patient recovery and return to baseline function. Such nutrition strategies should now be combined with a host of other practices (such as smoking cessation, weight loss, glucose control, and specialized exercise program) as part of a structured protocol to maximize patients' chances for a full and rapid recovery from their elective surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition
Volume37
Issue number5 Suppl
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Elective Surgical Procedures
Nutrition Therapy
Perioperative Period
Smoking Cessation
Nutritional Status
Glycogen
Weight Loss
Carbohydrates
Exercise
Glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Perioperative nutrition : what is the current landscape? / Martindale, Robert; McClave, Stephen A.; Taylor, Beth; Lawson, Christy M.

In: JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition, Vol. 37, No. 5 Suppl, 09.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martindale, Robert ; McClave, Stephen A. ; Taylor, Beth ; Lawson, Christy M. / Perioperative nutrition : what is the current landscape?. In: JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 5 Suppl.
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