Perioperative Nutrition: What Is the Current Landscape?

Robert G. Martindale, Stephen A. McClave, Beth Taylor, Christy M. Lawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor nutrition status has long been linked to increases in postoperative complications and adverse outcomes for the patient undergoing elective surgery. While optimal planning for nutrition therapy should be comprehensive spanning throughout the perioperative period, recent advances have focused on the concept of “prehabilitation” to best prepare the patient prior to the insult of surgery. Adding immune/metabolic modulating formulas the week of surgery with carbohydrate drinks to optimize glycogen deposition immediately prior to surgery, enhances patient recovery and return to baseline function. Such nutrition strategies should now be combined with a host of other practices (such as smoking cessation, weight loss, glucose control, and specialized exercise program) as part of a structured protocol to maximize patients’ chances for a full and rapid recovery from their elective surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5S-20S
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • enteral nutrition
  • parenteral nutrition
  • perioperative nutrition
  • surgical prehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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