Peptide amidation in an invertebrate

purification, characterization, and inhibition of peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase from the heads of honeybees (Apis mellifera).

Mark Zabriskie, M. Klinge, C. M. Szymanski, H. Cheng, J. C. Vederas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM), an enzyme involved in formation of neuropeptides with a C-terminal amide functionality in mammals and amphibians, was isolated from the head of an invertebrate, the honeybee, Apis mellifera, and purified 220-fold in 1% overall yield. The bee PHM has a molecular weight of 71,000, is membrane associated but can be solubilized with a detergent (n-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside), and cross-reacts with rabbit antibodies generated toward bacterially expressed rat PHM. In the presence of copper, oxygen, and ascorbic acid, the enzyme hydroxylates model tripeptides such as dansyl-L-Phe-L-Phe-Gly on the methylene carbon of the glycine residue with retention of configuration. Using this tripeptide as substrate, the Km is 1.7 microM and the Vmax is 2.3 nmol.micrograms-1.h-1. Treatment of the insect PHM with D-Phe-L-Phe-D-vinylglycine, a substrate analogue and mechanism-based inactivator of PHM from pig pituitary, results in irreversible loss of activity. The diastereomeric analogue, D-Phe-L-Phe-L-vinylglycine, is only a competitive inhibitor (IC50 = 320 microM).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-48
Number of pages22
JournalArchives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

tripeptides
Bees
Invertebrates
Apis mellifera
honey bees
Purification
invertebrates
Head
peptides
Peptides
neuropeptides
enzymes
amides
glycine (amino acid)
detergents
inhibitory concentration 50
amphibians
Apoidea
ascorbic acid
copper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Peptide amidation in an invertebrate: purification, characterization, and inhibition of peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase from the heads of honeybees (Apis mellifera).",
abstract = "Peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM), an enzyme involved in formation of neuropeptides with a C-terminal amide functionality in mammals and amphibians, was isolated from the head of an invertebrate, the honeybee, Apis mellifera, and purified 220-fold in 1{\%} overall yield. The bee PHM has a molecular weight of 71,000, is membrane associated but can be solubilized with a detergent (n-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside), and cross-reacts with rabbit antibodies generated toward bacterially expressed rat PHM. In the presence of copper, oxygen, and ascorbic acid, the enzyme hydroxylates model tripeptides such as dansyl-L-Phe-L-Phe-Gly on the methylene carbon of the glycine residue with retention of configuration. Using this tripeptide as substrate, the Km is 1.7 microM and the Vmax is 2.3 nmol.micrograms-1.h-1. Treatment of the insect PHM with D-Phe-L-Phe-D-vinylglycine, a substrate analogue and mechanism-based inactivator of PHM from pig pituitary, results in irreversible loss of activity. The diastereomeric analogue, D-Phe-L-Phe-L-vinylglycine, is only a competitive inhibitor (IC50 = 320 microM).",
author = "Mark Zabriskie and M. Klinge and Szymanski, {C. M.} and H. Cheng and Vederas, {J. C.}",
year = "1994",
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T1 - Peptide amidation in an invertebrate

T2 - purification, characterization, and inhibition of peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase from the heads of honeybees (Apis mellifera).

AU - Zabriskie, Mark

AU - Klinge, M.

AU - Szymanski, C. M.

AU - Cheng, H.

AU - Vederas, J. C.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM), an enzyme involved in formation of neuropeptides with a C-terminal amide functionality in mammals and amphibians, was isolated from the head of an invertebrate, the honeybee, Apis mellifera, and purified 220-fold in 1% overall yield. The bee PHM has a molecular weight of 71,000, is membrane associated but can be solubilized with a detergent (n-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside), and cross-reacts with rabbit antibodies generated toward bacterially expressed rat PHM. In the presence of copper, oxygen, and ascorbic acid, the enzyme hydroxylates model tripeptides such as dansyl-L-Phe-L-Phe-Gly on the methylene carbon of the glycine residue with retention of configuration. Using this tripeptide as substrate, the Km is 1.7 microM and the Vmax is 2.3 nmol.micrograms-1.h-1. Treatment of the insect PHM with D-Phe-L-Phe-D-vinylglycine, a substrate analogue and mechanism-based inactivator of PHM from pig pituitary, results in irreversible loss of activity. The diastereomeric analogue, D-Phe-L-Phe-L-vinylglycine, is only a competitive inhibitor (IC50 = 320 microM).

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