In this narrative review, we outline the literature describing the history, training, certification, and role of peer recovery support specialists working with people with substance use disorders at different stages of active use and recovery. We explore the impact of peer recovery support specialists serving people in various settings, including the community, hospitals and emergency departments, jails and prisons, and treatment and recovery agencies; and describes considerations for future expansion of peer recovery support services, including supervision needs, compassion fatigue and burnout, and scope of practice. Finally, we make recommendations to support the broad implementation of peer recovery support services as a sustainable, cohesive, and replicable component of harm reduction and addiction services. We also make recommendations for research to continue to evaluate peer recovery support specialist interventions across settings and outcomes.
- peer recovery support specialists
- substance use
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Pharmacology (medical)