Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an emerging disease. Its incidence and prevalence have been exponentially increasing in the last decade. The clinical manifestations of EE vary especially in children. Allergic reaction is strongly implicated in the disease. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively examine the demographic, clinical, laboratory, and endoscopic features of pediatric patients with EE, in order to better understand the diversity of the disease, thereby improving clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: The data were retrospectively collected from 20 pediatric patients with biopsy-proven EE. Demographic information, clinical symptoms and duration, as well as endoscopic findings were correlated and statistically analyzed. Results: Median age at diagnosis was 11 years. Male patients had higher prevalence of EE. Thirty-five percent of the children had food allergy on either skin prick test or IgE radioallergosorbent test, and atopic diseases were common in the group. Gastroesophageal reflux appeared to be the major symptom in younger children, whereas dysphagia and food impaction were more common in older patients. The referral and final diagnosis were often delayed. Esophageal white exudates were the most prominent feature in the younger age group, whereas esophageal ring-like lesion occurred more often in older children. Conclusion: EE is more common in male subjects. The clinical and endoscopic features depend upon the age. Allergic processes are strongly involved in pathogenesis. The present results will improve understanding of the characteristics of the disease in the pediatric population and enhance clinicians' vigilance for the diagnosis of EE.
- Eosinophilic esophagitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health