Pediatric conditions associated with compromised airway: Part I - Congenital

Nicholas S. Waage, Suher Baker, Heddie O. Sedano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have confirmed that respiratory complications are collectively the leading cause of pediatric anesthetic-related morbidity and mortality. Perioperative pulmonary complications associated with sedation and/or general anesthesia include obstruction, atelectasis, aspiration, pneumonia, bronchitis, laryngospasm, bronchospasm, hypoxemia and respiratory failure. This review discusses congenital conditions characterized by potentially difficult airway management, and proposes treatment considerations to prevent adverse events in these patients. The importance of patient evaluation prior to sedation and general anesthesia is emphasized. Knowledge of normal and abnormal head and neck anatomy and its influence on maintaining airway patency during routine and emergency procedures is necessary in providing safe and high-quality care for young and adolescent patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-248
Number of pages13
JournalPediatric dentistry
Volume31
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 27 2009

Keywords

  • Growth and development
  • Sedation
  • Special healthcare needs children
  • Syndromology/craniofacial anomalies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Waage, N. S., Baker, S., & Sedano, H. O. (2009). Pediatric conditions associated with compromised airway: Part I - Congenital. Pediatric dentistry, 31(3), 236-248.