PD-L1 monoclonal antibody treats ischemic stroke by controlling central nervous system inflammation

Sheetal Bodhankar, Yingxin Chen, Andrew Lapato, Abby L. Dotson, Jianming Wang, Arthur A. Vandenbark, Julie A. Saugstad, Halina Offner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose-Both pathogenic and regulatory immune processes are involved in the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of experimental stroke, including interactions involving the programmed death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its 2 ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. Although PD-1 reduced stroke severity, PD-L1 and PD-L2 appeared to play pathogenic roles, suggesting the use of anti-PD-L monoclonal antibody therapy for MCAO. Methods-Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with a single dose of anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody 4 hours after MCAO and evaluated for clinical, histological and immunologic changes after 96 hours of reperfusion. Results-Blockade of the PD-L1 checkpoint using a single injection of 200 μg anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody given intravenously 4 hours after occlusion significantly reduced MCAO infarct volumes and improved neurological outcomes after 96 hours of reperfusion. Treatment partially reversed splenic atrophy and decreased central nervous system infiltrating immune cells concomitant with enhanced appearance of CD8+ regulatory T cells in the lesioned central nervous system hemisphere. Conclusions-This study demonstrates for the first time the beneficial therapeutic effects of PD-L1 checkpoint blockade on MCAO, thus validating proposed mechanisms obtained in our previous studies using PD-1-and PD-L-deficient mice. These results provide strong support for the use of available humanized anti-PD-L1 antibodies for treatment of human stroke subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2926-2934
Number of pages9
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2015


  • Anti-PD-L1 antibody therapy
  • Interleukin-10
  • Middle cerebral artery occlusion
  • Reperfusion
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


Dive into the research topics of 'PD-L1 monoclonal antibody treats ischemic stroke by controlling central nervous system inflammation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this