Patients electing medical vs surgical treatment: Emotional domain of the Rhinosinusitis Disability Index associates with treatment selection

Quinn Orb, Jess C. Mace, Adam S. Deconde, Toby Steele, Steve T. Cox, Timothy Smith, Jeremiah A. Alt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Background: The Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI) consists of multiple subdomains shown to be useful in studying chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The objective of this study was to determine if RSDI subdomain scores are associated with selection of treatment modality (endoscopic sinus surgery [ESS] or continued medical management [CMM]) in subjects with CRS. Methods: Patients with CRS were prospectively enrolled into a multi-institutional cohort study. Following an initial period of medical management, patients elected to undergo treatment with either ESS or CMM. Baseline RSDI total and subdomain scores were compared between patients electing different treatment modalities. Results: A total of 684 subjects were enrolled with 122 (17.8%) electing CMM and 562 (82.2%) electing ESS. When compared to patients undergoing CMM, patients electing ESS exhibited significantly higher mean baseline RSDI total scores (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 48.1 ± 24.9 vs 40.1 ± 24.1; p = 0.001) and subdomain scores (emotional: 13.2 ± 9.1 vs 10.4 ± 8.3; p = 0.001; functional: 15.3 ± 8.9 vs 12.6 ± 8.4; p = 0.002; and physical: 19.6 ± 9.3 vs 17.1 ± 9.6; p = 0.007). Emotional subdomain scores were found to be the most associated with choice of treatment modality. Conclusion: Patients with CRS electing ESS had worse baseline RSDI total and subdomain scores compared to those electing CMM. Although both rhinologic and nonrhinologic symptoms contributed to the selection of treatment modality, emotional symptoms appeared to exhibit the greatest influence on patient-centered treatment decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • Endoscopy
  • Patient selection
  • Quality of life
  • Questionnaires
  • Sinusitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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