Purpose: To report the effects of pegvisomant (PEGV) treatment on patient-reported outcomes in acromegaly patients. Methods: We conducted an extension study of an open-label, multinational, non-interventional study (ACROSTUDY) evaluating the long-term safety and efficacy of PEGV for acromegaly in routine clinical practice. Enrolled patients were rollover patients from ACROSTUDY, or treatment naïve/semi-naïve (NSN; no PEGV within 6 months of enrollment). Exploratory efficacy endpoints were changes in symptoms with the Patient-Assessed Acromegaly Symptom Questionnaire (PASQ) and quality of life with the Acromegaly Quality of Life questionnaire (AcroQoL) analyzed by controlled or uncontrolled IGF-I levels. Results were analyzed in all patients, in NSN patient subgroup, and by diabetes status. Results: A total of 544 patients with acromegaly were enrolled, including 434 rollover subjects from ACROSTUDY and 110 NSN patients. Mean PEGV treatment duration was 7.8 years (range, 0–19.6 years). Overall, the majority of PASQ scores improved over time, but there was no significant difference between IGF-I controlled or uncontrolled groups. In the NSN subgroup, most PASQ and AcroQoL scores remained similar to baseline up to 1 year, regardless of IGF-I control. Patients with diabetes reported better PASQ scores over time with PEGV treatment, regardless of IGF-I control. IGF-I normalization increased from 10% of patients at baseline to more than 78% at year 10, with a mean daily PEGV dose of 18.7 mg. Conclusions: Overall, patients treated with PEGV had small improvements in PASQ. While IGF-I normalization increased with PEGV treatment, IGF-I control had no effects on PASQ and AcroQoL scores.
- Patient-reported outcomes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism