Overweight and obesity: Prevalence and correlates in a large clinical sample of children with autism spectrum disorder

Katharine Zuckerman, Alison P. Hill, Kimberly Guion, Lisa Voltolina, Eric Fombonne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) and childhood obesity (OBY) are rising public health concerns. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight (OWT) and OBY in a sample of 376 Oregon children with ASD, and to assess correlates of OWT and OBY in this sample. We used descriptive statistics, bivariate, and focused multivariate analyses to determine whether socio-demographic characteristics, ASD symptoms, ASD cognitive and adaptive functioning, behavioral problems, and treatments for ASD were associated with OWT and OBY in ASD. Overall 18.1 % of children met criteria for OWT and 17.0 % met criteria for OBY. OBY was associated with sleep difficulties, melatonin use, and affective problems. Interventions that consider unique needs of children with ASD may hold promise for improving weight status among children with ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1708-1719
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Obesity
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Pediatric Obesity
Melatonin
Sleep
Multivariate Analysis
Public Health
Demography
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Children
  • Obesity
  • Overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{b313a555ca6c4cd1bd59c55be20127c9,
title = "Overweight and obesity: Prevalence and correlates in a large clinical sample of children with autism spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) and childhood obesity (OBY) are rising public health concerns. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight (OWT) and OBY in a sample of 376 Oregon children with ASD, and to assess correlates of OWT and OBY in this sample. We used descriptive statistics, bivariate, and focused multivariate analyses to determine whether socio-demographic characteristics, ASD symptoms, ASD cognitive and adaptive functioning, behavioral problems, and treatments for ASD were associated with OWT and OBY in ASD. Overall 18.1 {\%} of children met criteria for OWT and 17.0 {\%} met criteria for OBY. OBY was associated with sleep difficulties, melatonin use, and affective problems. Interventions that consider unique needs of children with ASD may hold promise for improving weight status among children with ASD.",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorder, Children, Obesity, Overweight",
author = "Katharine Zuckerman and Hill, {Alison P.} and Kimberly Guion and Lisa Voltolina and Eric Fombonne",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-014-2050-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "1708--1719",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Overweight and obesity

T2 - Prevalence and correlates in a large clinical sample of children with autism spectrum disorder

AU - Zuckerman, Katharine

AU - Hill, Alison P.

AU - Guion, Kimberly

AU - Voltolina, Lisa

AU - Fombonne, Eric

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) and childhood obesity (OBY) are rising public health concerns. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight (OWT) and OBY in a sample of 376 Oregon children with ASD, and to assess correlates of OWT and OBY in this sample. We used descriptive statistics, bivariate, and focused multivariate analyses to determine whether socio-demographic characteristics, ASD symptoms, ASD cognitive and adaptive functioning, behavioral problems, and treatments for ASD were associated with OWT and OBY in ASD. Overall 18.1 % of children met criteria for OWT and 17.0 % met criteria for OBY. OBY was associated with sleep difficulties, melatonin use, and affective problems. Interventions that consider unique needs of children with ASD may hold promise for improving weight status among children with ASD.

AB - Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) and childhood obesity (OBY) are rising public health concerns. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight (OWT) and OBY in a sample of 376 Oregon children with ASD, and to assess correlates of OWT and OBY in this sample. We used descriptive statistics, bivariate, and focused multivariate analyses to determine whether socio-demographic characteristics, ASD symptoms, ASD cognitive and adaptive functioning, behavioral problems, and treatments for ASD were associated with OWT and OBY in ASD. Overall 18.1 % of children met criteria for OWT and 17.0 % met criteria for OBY. OBY was associated with sleep difficulties, melatonin use, and affective problems. Interventions that consider unique needs of children with ASD may hold promise for improving weight status among children with ASD.

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Children

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903710968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903710968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-014-2050-9

DO - 10.1007/s10803-014-2050-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 24488158

AN - SCOPUS:84903710968

VL - 44

SP - 1708

EP - 1719

JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

IS - 7

ER -