Ovarian steroidogenic enzyme activities during the rat estrous cycle

Abraham K. Munabi, Fernando G. Cassorla, Barry D. Albertson, Gordon B. Cutler, D. Lynn Loriaux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have correlated the concentrations of serum LH, estradiol and progesterone with the activities of 2 ovarian steroid biosynthetic enzymes during the rat estrous cycle. Ovarian 3 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase isomerase (3-βHSD) activity decreased from 29 ± 6 nmol/mg protein/ min (mean ± SEM) in diestrus, to 7 ± 0.4 nmol/mg protein/min in late proestrus (p < 0.005), and subsequently increased to 36 ± 9 nmol/mg protein/min in metestrus (p < 0.01). Ovarian 17-hydroxylase (17-OH) activity decreased from early to late proestrus (3.3 ± 0.2 vs 2.2 ± 0.2 nmol/mg protein/min, p <0.0025), and subsequently increased to 3.9 ± 0.2 in metestrus (p<0.001). Serum LH, estradiol and progesterone peaked during proestrus, and reached a nadir during estrus. We conclude that the activities of 3-βHSD and 17-OH in the rat ovary vary markedly during the estrous cycle. These changes may underlie the pattern of steroid secretion characteristic of this process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalSteroids
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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