Optimization of a real-time high-throughput assay for assessment of Streptococcus mutans metabolism and screening of antibacterial dental adhesives

Fernando Luis Esteban Florez, Rochelle Denise Hiers, Yan Zhao, Justin Merritt, Adam Justin Rondinone, Sharukh Soli Khajotia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The present work shows the optimization of a high-throughput bioluminescence assay to assess the metabolism of intact Streptococcus mutans biofilms and its utility as a screening method for nanofilled antibacterial dental materials. Methods: The assay was optimized by monitoring changes in bioluminescence mediated by variation of the experimental parameters investigated (growth media and sucrose concentration, inoculum:D-Luciferin ratio, dilution factor, inoculum volume, luminescence wavelength, replicate and luciferase metabolic activity). Confocal microscopy was then used to demonstrate the impact of biofilm growth conditions on the 3-D distribution of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) within Streptococcus mutans biofilms and its implications as confounding factors in high-throughput studies (HTS). Results: Relative Luminescence Unit (RLU) values from the HTS optimization were analyzed by multivariate ANOVA (α = 0.05) and coefficients of variation, whereas data from 3-D structural parameters and RLU values of biofilms grown on experimental antibacterial dental adhesive resins were analyzed using General Linear Models and Student–Newman–Keuls post hoc tests (α = 0.05). Confocal microscopy demonstrated that biofilm growth conditions significantly influenced the quantity and distribution of EPS within the 3-D structures of the biofilms. An optimized HTS bioluminescence assay was developed and its applicability as a screening method in dentistry was demonstrated using nanofilled experimental antibacterial dental adhesive resins. Significance: The present study is anticipated to positively impact the direction of future biofilm research in dentistry, because it offers fundamental information for the design of metabolic-based assays, increases the current levels of standardization and reproducibility while offering a tool to decrease intra-study variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDental Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Fingerprint

Dental Cements
Streptococcus mutans
Biofilms
Metabolism
Assays
Adhesives
Screening
Throughput
Bioluminescence
Luminescence
Synthetic Resins
Dentistry
Confocal microscopy
Confocal Microscopy
Growth
Resins
Dental materials
Dental Materials
Sugar (sucrose)
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Bioluminescence
  • Dental adhesive resins
  • High-throughput
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Optimization of a real-time high-throughput assay for assessment of Streptococcus mutans metabolism and screening of antibacterial dental adhesives. / Esteban Florez, Fernando Luis; Hiers, Rochelle Denise; Zhao, Yan; Merritt, Justin; Rondinone, Adam Justin; Khajotia, Sharukh Soli.

In: Dental Materials, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Esteban Florez, Fernando Luis ; Hiers, Rochelle Denise ; Zhao, Yan ; Merritt, Justin ; Rondinone, Adam Justin ; Khajotia, Sharukh Soli. / Optimization of a real-time high-throughput assay for assessment of Streptococcus mutans metabolism and screening of antibacterial dental adhesives. In: Dental Materials. 2020.
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AU - Rondinone, Adam Justin

AU - Khajotia, Sharukh Soli

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