One-electron-transfer reactions of polychlorinated ethylenes

Concerted and stepwise cleavages

Eric J. Bylaska, Michel Dupuis, Paul Tratnyek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaction barriers were calculated by using ab initio electronic structure mediods for the reductive dechlorination of the polychlorinated ethylenes: C2Cl4, C2HCl3, trans-1,2-C 2H2Cl2, cis-1,2-C2H 2Cl2, 1,1-C2H2Cl2 and C2H3-Cl. Concerted and stepwise cleavages of R-Cl bonds were considered. Stepwise cleavages yielded lower activation barriers than concerted cleavages for the reduction of C2CU, C2HCl 3, and trans-1,2-C2H2Cl2 for strong reducing agents. However, for typical ranges of reducing strength concerted cleavages were found to be favored. Both gas-phase and aqueous-phase calculations predicted C2Cl4 to have the lowest reaction barrier. Additionally, the reduction of C2HCl3 was predicted to show selectivity toward formation of cis-1,2-C2HCl 2· over the formation of trans-1,2-C2HCl 2·', and 1,1-C2HCl2· radicals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3712-3721
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume112
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2008

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Ethylenes
Reducing Agents
cleavage
electron transfer
ethylene
Gases
Electrons
Dechlorination
Electronic structure
Chemical activation
selectivity
activation
vapor phases
electronic structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

One-electron-transfer reactions of polychlorinated ethylenes : Concerted and stepwise cleavages. / Bylaska, Eric J.; Dupuis, Michel; Tratnyek, Paul.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 112, No. 16, 24.04.2008, p. 3712-3721.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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