Oncologic emergencies: Gastroenterology

Brintha Enestvedt, Jennifer L. Maranki, Gennadiy Bakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Technologic advances in gastroenterology (GI) have changed the nature of GI’s involvement in cancer care from staging to surveillance to management of tumor or treatment-related emergencies. GI-related oncologic emergencies represent a small proportion of all oncologic emergencies. This chapter discusses the most important including GI bleeding, luminal and biliary obstruction, acute pancreatitis, hepatic decompensation, and dislodgement of enteral devices. These disorders require early recognition so that management can be directed efficiently. A multidisciplinary approach to such patients and conditions including consultation with oncology, radiation oncology, surgery, primary care, and gastroenterology to assist in management, which may include a therapeutic GI procedure, is likely to lead to optimal patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages285-297
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783319263878
ISBN (Print)9783319263854
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biliary obstruction
  • Endoscopic therapy
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Gastroenterology
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Hepatic failure
  • Luminal obstruction
  • Palliative stenting
  • Pancreatitis
  • Radiation proctitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Enestvedt, B., Maranki, J. L., & Bakis, G. (2016). Oncologic emergencies: Gastroenterology. In Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice (pp. 285-297). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26387-8_24