Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation accelerates chylomicron triglyceride clearance

Yongsoon Park, William S. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

230 Scopus citations

Abstract

Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) reduce postprandial triacylglycerol (TG) concentrations. This study was under-taken to determine whether this effect was due to reduced production or increased clearance of chylomicrons. Healthy subjects (n = 33) began with a 4-week, olive oil placebo (4 g/d) run-in period. After a 4-week wash-out period, subjects were randomized to supplementation with 4 g/d of ethyl esters of either safflower oil (SAF), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for 4 weeks. Results for EPA and DHA were similar, and therefore the data were combined into one ω-3 FA group. Omega-3 FA supplementation reduced the postprandial TG and apolipoprotein B (apo B)-48 and apoB-100 concentrations by 16% (P = 0.08), 28% (P < 0.001), and 24% (P < 0.01), respectively. Chylomicron TG half-lives in the fed state were reduced after ω-3 FA treatment (6.0 ± 0.5 vs. 5.1 ± 0. 4 min; P < 0.05), but not after SAF (6.9 ± 0.7 vs. 7.1 ± 0.7 min). Omega-3 FA supplementation decreased chylomicron particle sizes (mean diameter; 293 ± 44 vs. 175 ± 25 nm; P < 0.01) and increased preheparin lipoprotein lipase (LPL; 0.6 ± 0.1 vs. 0.9 ± 0.1 μmol/h/ml; P < 0.05) activity during the fed state, but had no effect on postheparin LPL or hepatic lipase activities. The results suggest that ω-3 FA supplementation accelerates chylomicron TG clearance by increasing LPL activity, and that EPA and DHA are equally effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-463
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid
  • Lipoprotein lipase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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