Olfactory copy number association with age at onset of Alzheimer disease

C. A. Shaw, Y. Li, J. Wiszniewska, S. Chasse, S. N.Y. Zaidi, W. Jin, B. Dawson, K. Wilhelmsen, J. R. Lupski, J. W. Belmont, R. S. Doody, K. Szigeti

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Abstract

Objectives: Copy number variants (CNVs) have been recognized as a source of genetic variation that contributes to disease phenotypes. Alzheimer disease (AD) has high heritability for occurrence and age at onset (AAO). We performed a cases-only genome-wide CNV association study for age at onset of AD. Methods: The discovery case series (n = 40 subjects with AD) was evaluated using array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH). A replication case series (n = 507 subjects with AD) was evaluated using Affymetrix array (n = 243) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (n = 264). Hazard models related onset age to CNV. Results: The discovery sample identified a chromosomal segment on 14q11.2 (19.3-19.5 Mb, NCBI build 36, UCSC hg18 March 2006) as a region of interest (genome-wide adjusted p = 0.032) for association with AAO of AD. This region encompasses a cluster of olfactory receptors. The replication sample confirmed the association (p = 0.035). The association was found for each APOE4 gene dosage (0, 1, and 2). Conclusion: High copy number in the olfactory receptor region on 14q11.2 is associated with younger age at onset of AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1302-1309
Number of pages8
JournalNeurology
Volume76
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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Shaw, C. A., Li, Y., Wiszniewska, J., Chasse, S., Zaidi, S. N. Y., Jin, W., Dawson, B., Wilhelmsen, K., Lupski, J. R., Belmont, J. W., Doody, R. S., & Szigeti, K. (2011). Olfactory copy number association with age at onset of Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 76(15), 1302-1309. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182166df5