Occupational safety: Application of the job demand-control-support model

Lori Anderson Snyder, Autumn D. Krauss, Peter Y. Chen, Scott Finlinson, Yueng Hsiang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1713-1723
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Job demand-control-support model
  • Safety climate
  • Safety control
  • Situational constraints
  • Workplace injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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