Occupational safety: Application of the job demand-control-support model

Lori Anderson Snyder, Autumn D. Krauss, Peter Y. Chen, Scott Finlinson, Yueng-hsiang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1713-1723
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Job Application
job demand
occupational safety
Occupational Health
Workplace
Safety
Wounds and Injuries
Psychological Models
Air Conditioning
workplace
well-being
Buffers
safety research
interaction
Research
climate
worker

Keywords

  • Job demand-control-support model
  • Safety climate
  • Safety control
  • Situational constraints
  • Workplace injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Occupational safety : Application of the job demand-control-support model. / Snyder, Lori Anderson; Krauss, Autumn D.; Chen, Peter Y.; Finlinson, Scott; Huang, Yueng-hsiang.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.09.2008, p. 1713-1723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Snyder, Lori Anderson ; Krauss, Autumn D. ; Chen, Peter Y. ; Finlinson, Scott ; Huang, Yueng-hsiang. / Occupational safety : Application of the job demand-control-support model. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 1713-1723.
@article{4cc064e86b19403cbb6b072e24a1ebeb,
title = "Occupational safety: Application of the job demand-control-support model",
abstract = "The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.",
keywords = "Job demand-control-support model, Safety climate, Safety control, Situational constraints, Workplace injuries",
author = "Snyder, {Lori Anderson} and Krauss, {Autumn D.} and Chen, {Peter Y.} and Scott Finlinson and Yueng-hsiang Huang",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.aap.2008.06.008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "1713--1723",
journal = "Accident Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "0001-4575",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational safety

T2 - Application of the job demand-control-support model

AU - Snyder, Lori Anderson

AU - Krauss, Autumn D.

AU - Chen, Peter Y.

AU - Finlinson, Scott

AU - Huang, Yueng-hsiang

PY - 2008/9/1

Y1 - 2008/9/1

N2 - The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.

AB - The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.

KW - Job demand-control-support model

KW - Safety climate

KW - Safety control

KW - Situational constraints

KW - Workplace injuries

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49949095759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=49949095759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.aap.2008.06.008

DO - 10.1016/j.aap.2008.06.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 18760100

AN - SCOPUS:49949095759

VL - 40

SP - 1713

EP - 1723

JO - Accident Analysis and Prevention

JF - Accident Analysis and Prevention

SN - 0001-4575

IS - 5

ER -