NPPB is a novel candidate biomarker expressed by cancer-associated fibroblasts in epithelial ovarian cancer

Kate Lawrenson, Barbara Grun, Nathan Lee, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Jenny Kan, Steve Swenson, Yvonne G. Lin, Tanja Pejovic, Joshua Millstein, Simon A. Gayther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most solid tumors contain cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) that support tumorigenesis and malignant progression. However, the cellular origins of CAFs in epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) remain poorly understood, and their utility as a source of clinical biomarkers for cancer diagnosis has not been explored in great depth. Here, we report establishing in vitro and in vivo models of CAFs in ovarian cancer development. Normal ovarian fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells cultured in the presence of EOC cells acquired a CAF-like phenotype, and promoted EOC cell migration in vitro. CAFs also promoted ovarian cancer growth in vivo in both subcutaneous and intraperitoneal murine xenograft assays. Molecular profiling of CAFs identified gene expression signatures that were highly enriched for extracellular and secreted proteins. We identified novel candidate CAF-specific biomarkers for ovarian cancer including NPPB, which was expressed in the stroma of 60% primary ovarian cancer tissues (n = 145) but not in the stroma of normal ovaries (n = 4). NPPB is a secreted protein that was also elevated in the blood of 50% of women with ovarian cancer (n = 8). Taken together, these data suggest that the tumor stroma is a novel source of biomarkers, including NPPB, that may be of clinical utility for detection of EOC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1390-1401
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume136
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2015

Keywords

  • BNP
  • Cancer-associated fibroblast
  • Fibroblast
  • Microarray
  • Microenvironment
  • NPPB
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Stroma
  • Xenograft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Lawrenson, K., Grun, B., Lee, N., Mhawech-Fauceglia, P., Kan, J., Swenson, S., Lin, Y. G., Pejovic, T., Millstein, J., & Gayther, S. A. (2015). NPPB is a novel candidate biomarker expressed by cancer-associated fibroblasts in epithelial ovarian cancer. International Journal of Cancer, 136(6), 1390-1401. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.29092