Novel computational approaches characterizing knee physiotherapy

Wangdo Kim, Antonio P. Veloso, Duarte Araujo, Sean S. Kohles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A knee joint's longevity depends on the proper integration of structural components in an axial alignment. If just one of the components is abnormally off-axis, the biomechanical system fails, resulting in arthritis. The complexity of various failures in the knee joint has led orthopedic surgeons to select total knee replacement as a primary treatment. In many cases, this means sacrificing much of an otherwise normal joint. Here, we review novel computational approaches to describe knee physiotherapy by introducing a new dimension of foot loading to the knee axis alignment producing an improved functional status of the patient. New physiotherapeutic applications are then possible by aligning foot loading with the functional axis of the knee joint during the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-66
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Computational Design and Engineering
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Ball's screw theory
  • Cylindroidal coordinates
  • Gibson's theory of affordance
  • Instantaneous axes of the knee (IAK)
  • Joachimsthal's equation
  • Perception-action coupling manifold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computational Mathematics

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