New developments in understanding rapid axonal transport

Bruce J. Schnapp, Thomas S. Reese

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fast axonal transport depends on translocation of organelles in a direction specified by each organelle. How is this translocation powered and how is its direction specified? New insights into both questions have arisen by using videomicroscopy to visualize organelle movement. A component of the axonal transport mechanism has been extracted, purified, and reassembled from axoplasm extruded from the squid giant axon. Organelles translocation in both directions depends on direct interaction with microtubules. A ≈500 kDa protein, kinesin, purified from axoplasm (or brain) promotes translocation exclusively in the anterograde direction and a different translocator promotes retrograde movement. These new results suggest that the direction of movement depends on properties of organelles that enable binding or activation of the appropriate protein translocator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalTrends in Neurosciences
Volume9
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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