Neuroendocrinology of puberty

A. Lomniczi, V. Matagne, S. R. Ojeda

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Attainment of mammalian reproductive capacity requires the activation of a handful of neurons in the basal forebrain that produce the decapeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH reaches the pituitary gland via the portal system and stimulates the synthesis and release of gonadotropin hormones, which in turn promote gonadal function. The pubertal increase in GnRH release is brought about by coordinated changes in excitatory and inhibitory inputs to the GnRH neuronal network and by the activation of reciprocal neuron-glia communication pathways involving growth factors and neurotransmitters. Integration of this regulatory network requires a higher level of control exerted by transcriptional regulators.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
    PublisherElsevier Ltd
    Pages367-375
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)9780080450469
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

    Keywords

    • Catecholamines
    • Female puberty
    • GABA
    • Glial cells
    • Glutamate
    • GnRH
    • Growth factors
    • Hypothalamus
    • Kisspeptin
    • Neuropeptides
    • Neurotransmitters
    • Opioid peptides
    • Sexual development

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Lomniczi, A., Matagne, V., & Ojeda, S. R. (2009). Neuroendocrinology of puberty. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 367-375). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01187-6