Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) comprises a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders affecting children and adults. These rare disorders are often first suspected when increased basal ganglia iron is observed on brain magnetic resonance imaging. For the majority of NBIA disorders the genetic basis has been delineated, and clinical testing is available. The four most common NBIA disorders include pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) due to mutations in PANK2, phospholipase A2-associated neurodegeneration caused by mutation in PLA2G6, mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration from mutations in C19orf12, and beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration due to mutations in WDR45. The ultrarare NBIA disorders are caused by mutations in CoASY, ATP13A2, and FA2H (causing CoA synthase protein-associated neurodegeneration, Kufor–Rakeb disease, and fatty acid hydroxylase-associated neurodegeneration, respectively). Together, these genes account for disease in approximately 85% of patients diagnosed with an NBIA disorder. New NBIA genes are being recognized with increasing frequency as a result of whole-exome sequencing, which is also facilitating early ascertainment of patients whose phenotype is often nonspecific.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages293-305
Number of pages13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume147
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • BPAN
  • INAD
  • infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy
  • MPAN
  • NBIA
  • neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
  • pantothenate kinase
  • PKAN
  • PLAN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Hayflick, S., Kurian, M. A., & Hogarth, P. P. (2018). Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (pp. 293-305). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 147). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63233-3.00019-1