Nasal obstruction has a limited impact on sleep quality and quality of life in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

Andrew J. Thomas, Richard R. Orlandi, Shaelene Ashby, Jess C. Mace, Timothy Smith, Jeremiah A. Alt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Nasal obstruction is a cardinal symptom in diagnosing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and decreased sleep quality (SQ) and quality of life (QOL) are commonly reported in CRS. It is, however, unclear what role nasal obstruction severity plays in this decreased SQ and QOL. Using validated instruments, we evaluated the relationship between nasal obstruction severity, SQ, and QOL. Study Design: Prospective case series. Methods: Patients with CRS refractory to standard medical therapy (n = 28) were prospectively enrolled and completed the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE), Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Rhinosinusitis Disability Index, and the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test. CRS disease severity was evaluated with computed tomography and endoscopy. NOSE scores were compared to SQ, QOL, and disease severity measures. Spearman correlations were used to identify significant associations between measures. Results: All patients reported symptomatic nasal obstruction (NOSE score ≥ 30), whereas poor sleep (PSQI ≥ 5) was reported by 82%. The NOSE sleeping subdomain correlated strongly with the PSQI total score, whereas other elements of the NOSE instrument correlated weakly or not at all with this measurement of SQ. Nasal obstruction correlated weakly with disease-specific QOL and had no correlation with the PSQI total. Conclusions: Nasal obstruction appears to have a limited association with CRS-specific QOL and CRS-associated decrease in SQ. Further, the NOSE instrument, because it contains a question about sleep, may have overlap with the PSQI as a measure of SQ. The total NOSE score in CRS patients does not appear to be purely a measure of nasal obstruction. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 126:1971–1976, 2016.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1971-1976
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume126
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Nasal Obstruction
Sleep
Quality of Life
Symptom Assessment
Laryngoscopes
Endoscopy

Keywords

  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Nasal obstruction
  • quality of life
  • sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Nasal obstruction has a limited impact on sleep quality and quality of life in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. / Thomas, Andrew J.; Orlandi, Richard R.; Ashby, Shaelene; Mace, Jess C.; Smith, Timothy; Alt, Jeremiah A.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 126, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 1971-1976.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thomas, Andrew J. ; Orlandi, Richard R. ; Ashby, Shaelene ; Mace, Jess C. ; Smith, Timothy ; Alt, Jeremiah A. / Nasal obstruction has a limited impact on sleep quality and quality of life in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. In: Laryngoscope. 2016 ; Vol. 126, No. 9. pp. 1971-1976.
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abstract = "Objectives/Hypothesis: Nasal obstruction is a cardinal symptom in diagnosing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and decreased sleep quality (SQ) and quality of life (QOL) are commonly reported in CRS. It is, however, unclear what role nasal obstruction severity plays in this decreased SQ and QOL. Using validated instruments, we evaluated the relationship between nasal obstruction severity, SQ, and QOL. Study Design: Prospective case series. Methods: Patients with CRS refractory to standard medical therapy (n = 28) were prospectively enrolled and completed the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE), Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Rhinosinusitis Disability Index, and the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test. CRS disease severity was evaluated with computed tomography and endoscopy. NOSE scores were compared to SQ, QOL, and disease severity measures. Spearman correlations were used to identify significant associations between measures. Results: All patients reported symptomatic nasal obstruction (NOSE score ≥ 30), whereas poor sleep (PSQI ≥ 5) was reported by 82{\%}. The NOSE sleeping subdomain correlated strongly with the PSQI total score, whereas other elements of the NOSE instrument correlated weakly or not at all with this measurement of SQ. Nasal obstruction correlated weakly with disease-specific QOL and had no correlation with the PSQI total. Conclusions: Nasal obstruction appears to have a limited association with CRS-specific QOL and CRS-associated decrease in SQ. Further, the NOSE instrument, because it contains a question about sleep, may have overlap with the PSQI as a measure of SQ. The total NOSE score in CRS patients does not appear to be purely a measure of nasal obstruction. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 126:1971–1976, 2016.",
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