Nanotechnology in neurosurgery

Kelly L. Collins, Daniel A. Orringer, Parag G. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical neurology and neurosurgery are two fields that face some of the most challenging and exciting problems remaining in medicine. Brain tumors, paralysis after trauma or stroke, and neuro-degerative diseases are some of the many disorders for which effective therapies remain elusive. Nanotechnology seems poised to offer promising new solutions to some of these difficult problems. The latest advances in materials engineered at the nano-scale for applications relevant to the clinical neurosciences, such as medical imaging, nanotherapies for neurologic disease, nerve tissue engineering, and nanotechnological contributions to neuro-electrodes and brain-machine interface technology are reviewed. The primary classes of materials discussed include superpara- magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles, liposomes, carbon fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes. The potential of the field and the challenges that must be overcome for the current technology to become available clinically are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Fullerene
  • Magnetic fluid hyperthermia
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotechnology
  • Neuroelectrode
  • Neuroprotection
  • Neurosurgery
  • Photothermal therapy
  • SPION
  • Superparamagnetic iron oxide
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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