Multiple Sclerosis Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Chris Hollen, Jacqueline Bernard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: COVID-19 has posed a continuously evolving challenge for providers caring for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). While guidelines from national and international organizations came quickly, these have required constant reassessment and modification as the pandemic has progressed. This review aims to assess the first 2 years of literature on COVID-19 relevant to the clinical management of patients with MS. In particular, we will review how MS impacts the risk of COVID-19 infection, how disease-modifying therapies may alter this risk, and explore considerations regarding disease-modifying therapy (DMT) and vaccination for COVID-19. We will also explore potential ways in which a COVID-19 infection may impact multiple sclerosis. Our goal is to provide an overarching review of the major findings at this stage of the pandemic relevant to those that care for patients with MS. Recent Findings: Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, providers have had to re-evaluate the priorities in the management of MS. A growing number of studies have evaluated the relevant risk factors and considerations regarding MS and particular disease-modifying therapies. Summary: The long-term impacts of the pandemic on the health of those with MS will continue to be revealed. In general, most patients with MS do not need major revisions to their treatment plan due to COVID-19 risk. However, individuals who are older, more disabled, and on more potent therapies may need to consider strategies for decreasing their overall risk. Regardless, continued improvement in our understanding of interactions between infections, disease-modifying therapy, and MS are paramount to optimizing the care of those with MS going forward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-543
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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