We describe the cloning of a receptor guanylyl cyclase, MsGC-II, from the CNS of the insect Manduca sexta. Sequence comparisons with other receptor guanylyl cyclases show that MsGC-II is most similar to a predicted guanylyl cyclase in the Drosophila genome and to vertebrate retinal guanylyl cyclases. When expressed in COS-7 cells, MsGC-II exhibited a low level of basal activity that was nearly abolished in the presence of 10 μM calcium. Incubation with either a mammalian guanylyl cyclase-activating protein or Drosophila frequenin resulted in only mild stimulation of activity, whereas incubation of COS-7 cells expressing MsGC-II with a variety of Manduca tissue extracts failed to stimulate enzyme activity above basal levels. Analysis of the tissue distribution of MsGC-II revealed that it is nervous system specific. In the adult, MsGC-II is present in neurons in the optic lobes, antennal lobes and cellular cortex, but it is most highly expressed in subsets of intrinsic mushroom body neurons. Thus, MsGC-II appears to be a neural-specific receptor guanylyl cyclase whose activity may be regulated either directly or indirectly by calcium.
- Cyclic GMP
- Guanylyl cyclase
- Neuronal calcium sensor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience