Molecular cloning and characterization of a C-type lectin from Ancylostoma ceylanicum: Evidence for a role in hookworm reproductive physiology

Allison C. Brown, Lisa M. Harrison, Wadim Kapulkin, Brian F. Jones, Anindita Sinha, Amy Savage, Nicholas Villalon, Michael Cappello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lectins comprise a family of related proteins that mediate essential cell functions through binding to carbohydrates. Within this protein family, C-type lectins are defined by the requirement of calcium for optimal biologic activity. Using reverse transcription PCR, a cDNA corresponding to a putative C-type lectin has been amplified from the hookworm parasite Ancylostoma ceylanicum. The 550 nucleotide open reading frame of the A. ceylanicum C-type Lectin-1 (AceCTL-1) cDNA corresponds to a 167 amino acid mature protein (18,706 Da) preceded by a 17 amino acid secretory signal sequence. The recombinant protein (rAceCTL-1) was expressed in Drosophila S2 cells and purified using a combination of affinity chromatography and reverse phase HPLC. Using in vitro carbohydrate binding studies, it was determined that rAceCTL-1 binds N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, a common component of eukaryotic egg cell membranes. Using a polyclonal IgG raised against the recombinant protein, the native AceCTL-1 was identified in sperm and soluble protein extracts of adult male A. ceylanicum by immunoblot. Probing of adult hookworm sections with the polyclonal IgG demonstrated localization to the testes in males, as well as the spermatheca and developing embryos in females, consistent with its role as a sperm protein. Together, these data strongly suggest that AceCTL-1 is a male gender-specific C-type lectin with a function in hookworm reproductive physiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ancylostoma ceylanicum
  • C-type lectin
  • Hookworm
  • Nematode
  • Sperm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Molecular Biology

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