This study was undertaken to investigate the use of maximum intensity projection (MIP) images in the detection of pulmonary nodules by spiral CT (SCT). 40 pulmonary nodules of high density were created by endobronchial deployment of 2 and 4 mm beads in the peripheral airways of five anesthetized dogs. Standard SCT was performed with 5 mm collimation, pitch 2 and reconstruction of contiguous slices. MIP images were generated from overlapped slabs of seven consecutive 3 mm slices, reconstructed at 2 mm intervals and acquired at pitch 2. Scans were reviewed by six radiologists. The data were modelled using ordinal logistic regression for repeated measures, and the Wald χ2 statistic used to test if there was a difference in nodule detection and reader confidence level between the two techniques. MIP imaging increased the odds of nodule detection by 2.18 (p = 0.0002). Reader confidence level for nodule detection was significantly higher with MIP images (p < 0.00001). MIP images improve the detection rate for small high density pulmonary nodules and increase reader confidence level, when compared with standard SCT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging