Rationale: Maternal prepregnancy obesity has been associated with early wheeze and childhood asthma in their offspring. Some of these studies have been in minority, urban, and disadvantaged populations using parental recall and questionnaires. The association of maternal prepregnancy obesity with bronchodilator dispensing to their offspring, in a primarily insured, non-urban, White population in the United States is unknown. Objectives and Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using pharmacy dispensing data from the electronic medical records of a large United States health maintenance organization to examine the relationship between maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and inhaled bronchodilator dispensing in the offspring to 4 years of age. We included infants ≥37 weeks' gestation with birth weight ≥2.5 kg which yielded 6,194 mother-baby pairs. Maternal prepregnancy BMI was categorized as underweight (<18.5 kg/m2), normal (18.5−24.9 kg/m2), overweight (25−29.9 kg/m2), or obese (≥30 kg/m2). Results: In the entire cohort, 27.6% of the offspring received a bronchodilator dispensing. This ranged from 19.2% in the offspring of underweight mothers to 31.3% of those born to obese mothers. In the fully adjusted model using normal BMI as the referent, children of obese mothers had a 22% higher rate of bronchodilator dispensing (adjusted OR = 1.22; 95%CI 1.05–1.41; P = 0.008). Conclusions: In this insured, non-urban, White population, maternal prepregnancy obesity was associated with bronchodilator dispensing in the offspring in early life. These results extend previous data and reaffirm the potential widespread public health impact that prepregnancy obesity may have on subsequent childhood respiratory health. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:803–811.
- maternal obesity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine