During the last 2 years, some interesting new devices have been made available to improve airway management in children and infants, and several studies have advanced our understanding concerning risks and benefits of the current practice in the field. Certain risk factors for airway related problems during anaesthesia in children having a cold have been identified, and new aspects of the controversy concerning the use of cuffed endotracheal tubes in children presented. Novel video-assisted systems have been introduced for the management of the difficult airway in paediatric patients, and new applications for well known devices have been suggested, such as the laryngeal mask airway serving as guidance for fibreoptic intubation. Recent studies also demonstrated specific problems with the laryngeal mask airway in infants, as well as the advantages of a new prototypic laryngeal mask airway for children, similar to the ProSealTM (LMA International S.A. Group, USA). Furthermore, the following review presents new data about the use of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway, the laryngeal tube, and the Arndt bronchus blocker in paediatric patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine