The mutant murine lymphoma cell line RMA-S is unable to present endogenous antigens due to its inability to efficiently assemble class I major histocompatibility complex molecules and antigenic peptides. Therefore, it has been suggested that RMA-S cells are defective either in peptide generation or in peptide transport into the endoplasmic reticulum, where class I major histocompatibility complex molecule assembly is believed to occur. As proteasomes and the putative peptide transporters HAM1 and HAM2 have been implicated in class I antigen processing, we have investigated their expression in RMA-S and its wild-type counterpart RMA. Both proteasomes and HAM1 proteins are expressed at similar levels and show identical subcellular distributions in the two cell lines. However, only one copy of the HAM2 gene is present in RMA-S cells, and it contains a point mutation that leads to a premature stop codon. Thus, the HAM2 protein is absent from RMA-S cells. These data demonstrate that HAM2 is essential for peptide loading onto class I molecules.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology