Magnetic resonance imaging findings of true bifid mandibular condyle with duplicated mandibular fossa

S. L.S. Melo, D. P. Melo, A. C.C. Oenning, F. Haiter-Neto, S. M. Almeida, P. S.F. Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is a rare asymptomatic morphological alteration with no predilection for age group or gender. Its morphology varies from a shallow groove to two condylar heads with separate necks, oriented mediolaterally or anteroposteriorly. This report describes an unusual case of anteroposterior bifid condyle in a 39-year-old female patient with the main complaint of mouth-opening limitation and a deviation of the mandible to the left side. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings revealed a bifid condyle on the left side and duplicated mandibular fossa, with the articular disc over the anterior head. The MRI images in the open-mouth position revealed minimal movement of the condyle. Despite the increased number of mediolateral bifid mandibular condyle cases described in the literature, none of previously reported cases of BMC included an anteroposterior bifid condyle case with two distinct mandibular fossa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-655
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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Keywords

  • anomaly
  • temporomandibular joint
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Melo, S. L. S., Melo, D. P., Oenning, A. C. C., Haiter-Neto, F., Almeida, S. M., & Campos, P. S. F. (2012). Magnetic resonance imaging findings of true bifid mandibular condyle with duplicated mandibular fossa. Clinical Anatomy, 25(5), 650-655. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21300