To evaluate CD4+ T cell subpopulations involved in the induction and recovery from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the CD45R phenotype and lymphokine mRNA profile was evaluated for encephalitogenic CD4+ T cell lines in vitro and compared to CD4* T cells islated from the spinal cord of Lewis rats with EAE were > 90% of the myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific T cell lines and clones that adoptively transferred EAE were > 90% CD4+ and > 90% CD45R lo. A time course of EAE disease progression was monitored as a function of the percentage of CD45R hi/CD4+ T cells isolated from the spinal cords of diseased animals. The majority of CD4+ T cells found in the central nervous system during the early phase of passive EAE were CD45R lo (the same as the encephalitogenic lines/clones). A large increase of the CD45R hi/CD4+ T cells (up to 45%) was observed during the peak and recovery phases of EAE. Lymphokine mRNA production was analyzed from antigen-stimulated MBP-specific lines, and from spinal cord lymphocytes isolated from rats with EAE. The BP-specific lines produced Th1 lymphokines (IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α), while the spinal cord lymphocytes produced the same Th1 lymphokines as well as IL-4 and IL-10. The CD45R hi/CD4+ T cells isolated from the spinal cords were larger and expressed more lymphokine RNA per cell than the CD45R lo/CD4+ T cells. The encephalitogenic cells (CD45R hi/CD4+ T detected in the spinal cords of rats with a fluorescent dye and by allelic transfers and all of the CD45R hi/CD4+ lymphocytes found in the spinal cells were found to be host recruited. Thus it appears that the CD45R hi/CD4+ lymphocytes found in the spinal cord represent a host-recruited, activated cellular infiltrate that increased in number in the recovery phase of EAE and synthesized both Th1 and Th2 lymphokines.
- Experimental auto-immune encephalomyelitis
- Spinal cord
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology